Types of hacks online: learn how to protect yourself from the hackersPosted on 16th August 2021
Hacking is a common issue these days. Online hackers have been spread across the Internet to master their skills and threaten the experience of regular users. What are the most common types of hacking attacks? Well, there are lots of them. You can’t identify one or two major types because hackers have evolved to quite an advanced level of their proficiency. When you hear that an account has been hacked, you can’t tell what attack was used. With a huge number of hacking types, it is quite complicated to conclude how you were hacked in this or that particular case.
How should you stay secure on the Internet if you are threatened by the attacks? It is easier to keep track of unnecessary activity online when you know more about the hacking activity. This article will focus on the most widespread types of hacking attacks. You will learn why these types of irregular activity are quite risky and how one can overcome them at ease. Let’s start deepening your knowledge together!
Hacking attacks: an inevitable result of your Google search?
Let’s start with the notion of hacking attacks. What’s it? For a usually inexperienced Internet user, the connection may seem like a departure and destination place. These two points seem to have nothing in-between. But such perfect conditions happen rarely. The chain is vulnerable to different types of actions done from behind. What do hackers do? They catch these weak spots and push them to break the chain and penetrate your private connection.
What happens when such weak places are found? When a hacker gets to the point and reaches this spot, you must be ready that your data can be stolen. Hackers get access to the information and use it for their benefit. The outcome can vary from the type of attack, the purpose, and the strengths of the attack. One way or another, you risk losing a lot of things and giving access to strangers who need nothing but real havoc.
Are all the attacks the same? Well, if all of them were the same, there would be no point in writing this article and answering common questions from the users. Hackers have developed their skills to the extent when they can easily diversify the attacks, change them and play with algorithms. Each attack is focused on a specific vulnerability and results in different outcomes. What’s interesting is that attacks may be either lazy or advanced. It’s time to get to the main types of these attacks and protect yourself from unnecessary attention from online scammers.
Most common hacking attacks for Internet users
Let’s start working on your consciousness on the web. It is always better to learn ahead about the risks that might wait for you. Can you protect yourself 100% from the attacks? Not. But you can always reduce the risks and enjoy your online activity freely without much fear. Let’s start learning about the attacks right now!
Bait and Switch
This is another ridiculous type of attack. Why do we call it ridiculous? It usually happens that users come across the attack and start participating in it accidentally. This type of attack uses ads to make the users react to the content. When you click on the ad, you get connected to the malicious web page. How far can the hacker get? Everything depends on the case, but we can assure you that the results aren’t positive at all.
What ads shouldn’t you click on? It is hard to say what exact ad providers will hack your connection. Official platforms, such as Google or Facebook, have an experienced team that tracks the activity online and prevents such malicious actions. So, when you click on their ads, you may be sure. Though, even these online giants can guarantee 100% protection from hackers.
What will happen if you get caught by the attack? The outcomes differ greatly. The hackers may want to compromise the system or make you download malware. What should you do to prevent it from happening? By downloading a high-quality VPN app, you are sure to get better protection online. When using a VPN, you won’t likely be directed to risky web pages. But it is also better to use top-quality browsers with the necessary plugins.
You may know about this type of cybercrime. It is a very common technique. And many users even fall for it quite often. Who can hack you with this technique? Almost anyone who has access to a computer. Let’s see what a fake WAP is and how you can protect your connection from being hacked.
First, let’s answer a simple question. Should you use public routers when you need some Internet connection outside of your house? The answer is no. You can’t use them if you want to stay safe while browsing online. Why so? You might think that using a public Wi-Fi connection is a winning decision. But it is how you can undergo the fake WAP attack. What’s WAP? It is deciphered as a Wireless Access Point. In general, anyone can create free router access with a legitimate name on it. This public spot will be accessible to everyone so that you can connect to it. But do you need to?
When you get attacked by this fake free spot, you risk everything that you have on your device. The hackers will get access to your data. And do you know what happens next?
- The first thing is the leakage of your data. Cybercriminals will find your materials and be able to steal them.
- Another case is that they change the information, so you can’t access your accounts anymore due to the change of the passwords.
- And the final risk is the downloading of malware. These cyber hackers can make you download some unnecessary, illegal files.
Do you want these things to happen? No one wants to get hacked and find themselves in such a silly situation. If you find a free spot, think twice before you connect to it. How can you protect your connection from unnecessary traffic? Use VeePN to fix the problem and prevent the attack. VPN will encrypt the traffic, and hackers won’t be able to see what you do online. They will neither react with your data nor make you do any changes. But it is always better to look for the official Wi-Fi spot instead of using a fake free one.
What’s next? It’s time to discuss credential reuse. Let’s get into the details of the attack. What type of attack is it? If a server contains a huge amount of users’ data, the attack may breach the information from the website. What’s true is that people often use the same password to log in on different platforms. Not so many of you change their passwords often. And this is the problem. If you have the same login data on different websites, you can risk a lot when credential reuse happens.
When the hacker guesses the correct login info on one website, the chances are high that he will pursue the same activity on other websites. It may be some unnecessary data, and you may lose nothing from this type of activity. But if the hackers reach some highly important data, you never know what to expect. What should you know about it? It is necessary to follow the news updates about the website breaches online. When you know about the attack right after the attack, you have more time to protect your accounts on other platforms.
What are the methods users can try to secure themselves? Unfortunately, VPN has nothing to do with this type of attack. The thing is that the problem isn’t in the unstable or dangerous connection. If you use the same password, you risk a lot. Encrypting your connection won’t save you from hackers invading your personal internet space. What’s a working strategy here? You need to work on the passwords that differ from one another in some ways. When you have accounts with not similar data, you are better protected.
Where can you meet this type of attack? If you use a vulnerable and poorly protected website, you risk being a victim of a SQL injection. Let’s discuss this cybercrime in more detail. First of all, it must be said that SQL injection is quite powerful if compared to the previous cases. If an unprotected system uses a SQL language, the code can be easily changed by experienced hackers. These hackers may insert different additional fields for the users to fill in. The most common cases are the fields for a login and password.
When the hackers resort to this kind of attack, they can go two different ways. In the first place, they will extract some data. The second way lies in launching other attacks based on the information they got from the website. What is curious about the attack is its focus on the website. The users aren’t threatened in the first place. But you can be in a risky situation when the hackers start attacking the users on purpose.
Why are so many people concerned about SQL injection? The truth is that no VPN apps can protect you or encrypt the connection. It won’t do anything helpful if you turn the VPN on. If you give the website access to your data, it will make use of the info after the SQL attack, too. So, VPN has no power here. Moreover, it isn’t about the users. It is all about the administration of the website. If they overcome the checking procedure and don’t protect their connection, they put their customers at risk.
Remember we’ve been talking about laze and advanced attacks. This type of attack refers to lazy ones. The main focus here is the users who lack enough literacy in technical issues.
When you click on the malicious ad or pop up, you get redirected to another web page. Then you see another ad that spreads all over the screen. And you can’t get rid of it in most cases. What does the pop-up look like? It often happens that such alerts are in the form of antivirus warnings. You will be asked to visit the website or open the app to check your system and prevent any possible risks.
If you don’t know much about this type of attack, you may even pay the hacker to get rid of the virus. It is better to pay and eliminate the problem than get to the essence of the issue and delete it. How should you protect yourself from such types of attacks that happen quite often? Downloading a VPN is your way to secure Internet use. The app will encrypt your stable connection and protect you from bad links. It will block any malicious websites and help you avoid threats.
We have discussed the most common attacks that you should know about. They happen quite often, and you need to learn how to catch them while browsing online. But except for these well-known attacks, there are also less common cyber crimes you must know about. Let’s start with session hijacking. You may also know it as cookie theft. Sounds quite interesting, doesn’t it? What are cookies? This is a great tool for ad providers who can use your information to offer further ad campaigns and make you their client. But there’s another option. When you accept cookies, the website developers know when you log in and log out from the system.
What do hackers do with the cookies? They can send you some fake cookies to get access to your account. They won’t learn your login data, but this step may turn out to be quite dangerous for users. The hackers will be able to change some data on your account which will make your use of the website less safe and convenient. What should you do to prevent yourself from such unwanted activities? Make sure to download VeePN and turn it on. When your connection is well-encrypted, the system will keep track of every step you perform online. Thus, it will save you from visiting unnecessary sites or accepting some bad alerts. How do you know that the cookie is intended for you? By using VPN, even not the most secure connection, won’t put you at risk.
You must know a lot about the Internet of Things. But do you know what type of attack may happen here? Such devices are great because they give users new opportunities and help them manage their browsing activity more effectively. But introducing something new to our daily routine isn’t the only feature. You must also know that IoT devices can threaten your activity online. What are such devices? They don’t have much storage to ensure some security features. These devices are good at their usability, but their security features leave much to be desired. The developers don’t usually pay much attention to the password so that almost any user can change the information.
What hacking attacks can the hacker introduce due to the voice recorder on your device? There are so many ways advanced users can do via their devices. They can use your IoT items to manage other more important hacking activities on the web. And you serve only as a mediator in the global chain. It doesn’t mean that you don’t take risks. It is quite common to get into a risky situation when the security of IoT devices is threatened.
What may help you get rid of such risks or prevent them from threatening your space? You should try VPN. It doesn’t work all the time, but it will give you a lot of secure opportunities while using IoT. If you install VPN on your IoT devices, you have better chances to manage them safely. If it is possible, you should use the settings on your devices to apply the VPN system to all of them. But be sure not to overuse this method. It works perfectly when you aren’t home and don’t need these devices. But in other cases, VPN will block access to the items even for the owner.
Documents Macro Malware
Let’s discuss another type of attack. If you know what it is about, you can easily avoid unwanted risks. When you have your files opened, you can share the scripts of the documents. Not all of the files have such an option, but a lot of them can reveal the scripts easily. But nothing happens without permission from the users. Thus, if you permit the document, you give them access to manage the macro. If you do so, the hackers will thank you for making their work easier. When you open the scripts, you open the doors to the system and make it even more vulnerable. At first, it may sound okay, and you won’t see any problem here. But by sharing access to some minor documents, you can help the hackers reach some serious issues and threaten the whole system.
What should you do then? Unfortunately, VPN has nothing to do with the attack. In this case, VPN may slightly soften the outcomes, but it won’t protect you fully. So, you should find working antivirus software to secure the work of the system. You should be careful because such requests usually come in the form of emails. And it’s your task to check everything clearly to make it less risky.
This is a very popular type of online attack. Let’s first decipher the name, and then we can move further. So, what’s a DDoS attack? The abbreviation stands for the Distributed Denial of Service. What you should know about the attack is that the results won’t harm you at all in most cases. When the attack hits you, you become a part of the bigger system. Hackers use your profile to target their global aim. And you act as a helper in the whole process. So, it doesn’t have any risks for the user in general, but it represents unethical behavior and must be prohibited. Even if you don’t set yourself under the risks, you should still download the necessary protective software to secure the connection and prevent the attack on another server.
Can VPN software help you? Yes, it can be helpful in some cases. But it always works better with a top-quality anti-malware program to keep track of the activity with your connection and secure it. Otherwise, you can be a part of something completely unnecessary and illegal.
Man in the Middle
Let’s finish this list with another popular attack that is quite common for today’s online community. We can cipher it as MITM. It is a common abbreviation for the attack. In this case, there’s always a mediator. Someone who will take responsibility for the whole process. When you try to reach the server, you may come across a man in the middle to prevent you from further action. You can even omit the obstacle and continue browsing the web. But there will already be someone to track your activity and every process you deal with. How do you get into the attack? The most common way is by following a fake WAP. We’ve already discussed this phenomenon, so you must know what we are talking about.
What may happen when you become a part of the attack? If you manage any financial transaction, someone can redirect your money to other servers. And the bank has nothing to do with this attack. Hackers won’t need your password in many cases, so it can be quite an unpredictable case. What should you do to protect the connection? VPN here is a proven way to secure your activity online. Hackers won’t be able to manipulate your processes when the VPN is on. The content won’t be modified either. So, whenever you use a free Wi-Fi spot, make sure to prevent the MITM attack by using top-quality VPN software on your device.
Time to protect yourself from unwanted hacking attacks online
You should stay safe when browsing online. The security of your profile and personal data depends on the way you protect yourself online. Let’s see what steps you should take to make it the safest experience for you:
- First off, you should follow the updates. What is the latest news in the tech world? What sites were breached? When you know a lot about the vulnerabilities on the web, you can easily avoid them. These updates are easy to follow, but they can truly make a real difference and contribute to your safety online.
- Keep track of your passwords. You must be using so many different web platforms. Do you have only one password to manage your activity online? It may be easier to remember the data. But it puts you at huge risks. If you have the same passwords for multiple websites, you risk your data a lot. So what should be done? First off, you need to use different combinations for different websites. The second tip is to change the passwords from time to time. It must help you feel better about your security on the web.
- What can truly help you is the use of a VPN. We have already discussed the benefits of using the additional software for your devices. When you enable the VPN connection, you encrypt your activity online and secure the traffic better. It will prevent a lot of unnecessary attacks and help you manage your things safely online.
- Don’t forget about two-factor authentication. In some cases, it may take more time to log in and open the profile. But it is a proven way to make your account less vulnerable to attacks. Using a well-designed password is a lifesaver. But when you take care of the authentication, it makes a huge difference. You should either authenticate your login procedure with the SMS, an application, or any other way offered by the system.
Be sure to monitor the activity online, keep track of the pop-ups, and don’t follow some weird links. If you overshare on the media and give access to your data, you can regret it a lot in the future. When you show some personal data online, be it an email address, your phone number, or other details, it may help the hackers interfere with your online accounts. You don’t want your data to be stolen by hackers. For this reason, it is necessary to learn more about the possible hacking attacks, stay updated, and useful tips to stay secure.